How to Purify the Water at Home?
Water purification at home is important for your health, but how to purify the water at home? In many cases, water is supplied to your home after the pre-treatment performed by municipal services. This is a tap water. The tap water must meet certain hygienic quality requirements stipulated for the centralized supply of drinking water. At the water-treatment plant, the water has been brought up to this standard, what is good except the content of chlorine. However, on the way to the end user through the worn-out pipes, it is being saturated with all kinds of admixtures. These admixtures primarily accumulate in the body during the years, causing chronic illnesses and the people don’t know where they come from. They are also deposited inside the pipes and heating elements of household appliances damaging them, or causing discomfort when taking a shower. Therefore, filtering of the municipal tap water at home is a must and the containment of chlorine is not the only reason.
You can watch this video to get the basic idea how to purify the water at home
The water treatment at home should be made in two ways:
- Tap water cleaning by using plumbing filters, compact household water softeners, carbon filters, etc.
- Drinking water purification by using household multi-stage reverse osmosis equipment.
The water treatment at home for domestic use or the tap water treatment should cover all areas of water use at home, like consumption of water for sanitary purposes, for laundry and washing of dishes, for filling up air humidifiers, etc.
The tap water treatment at home
There are some issues related to the drinking water purification at home. Perhaps the most common methods of drinking water purification at home are reverse osmosis and ultra-filtration. Now on the market there is a wide range of modern equipment to ensure an appropriate level of water treatment. However, the methods used for water purification differ among the countries: France makes extensive use of ultra-filtration, but Germany and the U.S. prefer to use reverse osmosis. To find the best water purification method particularly for your situation at home the water composition should be assessed.
How to purify the cold water at home
The problem of cold water purification at home is always actual. If four people are living in your apartment or house, you will need a small-sized water purification system that can produce at full load 1000-1200 liters of water / hour, on average about 400 liters / hour. The centralized piped water supply is often characterized by a high content of chlorine, high hardness and even sometimes red color of rust.
There is no one universal water filter, which allows to get rid of all the pollution at once, so you have to install a water filtration system containing at least two filters. The first step is to take care of the filter for the mechanical removal of large particles of lime. If there is nothing better, you can use a regular rough filter. Secondly, you need to install a filter with activated carbon or other absorbent. This will eliminate the chlorine and chlorinated compounds formed by the action of chlorine added to disinfect the water from the present organic substances. After passing through the filter, the unpleasant odor and the taste of chlorinated water disappear.
Another common problem associated with water is the high-water hardness. This appears, for example, in the formation of deposition. In this case, drinking water should be softened. Yellow stains on the sink indicate the high content of iron in the water, so you need a special filter for that or ultra-filtration. The complete information on how to deal with such water can only give the laboratory study. After that, it becomes clear through how many purification steps the water should pass, and what kind of additional filters are necessary. The treated drinking water must meet the accepted sanitary standards. If the standards are met, then you can use the water without fear for the household needs and to take a shower.
However, for a number of apartments some problems could be caused by the lack of free space to install the equipment necessary for the water purification at home. The method of water purification at home mentioned above is true if you have only cold-water supply and make the hot water by your own water heater.
How to purify the hot water at home
Unfortunately, for the hot-water filtration at home for the ordinary consumer only the mechanical filter can be installed. It can be a cartridge or a mesh. There are also magnetic transducers, but their effectiveness is questionable.
The only solution for this situation is the installation of an autonomous water system at home, when the treated cold water is used to produce the hot water by using the water heater. However, this system will require an additional space at your home.